A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Biography: 5 best facts

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam | Biography:

Who was A.P.J. Abdul Kalam?

APJ Abdul Kalam was an aerospace scientist who joined the Defense Department of India after graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology. He was a central figure in the development of the country's nuclear capabilities and was distinguished as a national hero in 1998 after a series of successful tests. Kalam served as the President of India for a term from 2002 to 2007 and died of a heart attack on July. 27, 2015.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Biography: 5 best facts
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Biography: 5 best facts

Detailed personal background:

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram district, Tamil Nadu, India, into an essential and under-educated Tamil family. His father, Zainuldeben, owned a boat, and his mother, Aashiyamma, was a housewife. He started working at an early age to support my father. He got average grades in school, but was seen as a hardworking and bright student with an intense desire to learn things. He had  studied for hours, especially mathematics. He completed his schooling from Rameswaram Elementary School. In 1954, was graduated in Physics from St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, which was then affiliated to the University of Madras. Subsequently, in 1955, he moved to Madras (now Chennai) and joined the Madras Institute of Technology and studied aerospace engineering. His dream was to become a fighter pilot but was ranked ninth while the Indian Air Force awarded him only eight slots. 

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam as President of India:

On June 10, 2002, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government voted for the presidency. Proposed Kalam for the Leader of the Opposition, Congress President Sonia Gandhi.The Nationalist Congress Party and Samajwadi Party supported his candidature.

Dr. Kalam served as the President of India from July 25, 2002 to July 25, 2007.
He won the election receiving 922,884 votes, thus defeating Lakshmi Sehgal, who received 107,366 votes.

He was the third President of India to be awarded the highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna. It was first founded in 1954 by Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan and in 1963 Dr. Was given to Zakir Hussain.

He was the first graduate and scientist to reside in Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Dr. Kalam was affectionately called a democratic president.
According to him, the most difficult decision he made as president was signing the Office of Profit.He was criticized as president for his inaction in deciding the fate of 20 of 21 mercy petitions, including the Kashmiri terrorist Afzal Guru, who was convicted for the Parliament attacks in December 2001.

Death and legacy:

On 27 July 2015, Kalam suffered a massive heart attack while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management and later died at the age of 83.

Kalam was laid to rest on 30 July with full state honors in his native Tamil Nadu.  The government has also established Kalam's birthday (15 October) as "Youth Renaissance Day". Discussions are underway to construct a large-scale memorial at his burial site.

Dr.A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was awarded the Padma Bhushan (1981), the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997) - India's highest civilian award - for his contributions to the modernization of government defense technology.

5 best facts of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: 

1. Full name of 'Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam '' Dr. Avul Pakir was Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam '. He was born on 15 October 1931 in Dhanushkothi in the temple town of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He was born into a poor family, but he was an exceptionally bright boy.

2. Kalam holds a B.Sc. St. Joseph's College Examination, Tiruchirappalli. He joined the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT). His knowledge in the field was enhanced when he joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1958 and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1963. He is known as the Indian Missile Man. Various world order Indian missiles like Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Agni, etc. They are mainly the result of his efforts and caliber.

3. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam became the eleventh President of India. He served the country from 2002 to 2007. 

4. Dr. Kalam expired on Monday 27 July 2015. He suddenly fainted while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong. On 30 July 2015, the former President was buried at the Pei Karambu site in Rameswaram with all state honors. More than 350,000 people attended the funeral, including the Prime Minister, the Governor of Tamil Nadu and the Chief Ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.

5. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was mainly interested in the job. He was single. He was not interested in going abroad. He first wanted to serve his motherland. He said that he believes that his first and main duty is to serve his motherland. He loved music and Quran and Gita. Ever since he became the head of the Indian state, he was interacting with children across the country. He was not a miraculous man by any means. His advice to the nation's youth was "dream, dream and turn them into thoughts and then into deeds."

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